An ETF (Exchange Traded Fund) is a basket of securities that attempts to duplicate the performance of a multiple of an index. See here for the definition of a stock index. There are also commodity indexes.
They are extremely low cost (in terms of management fees), and will usually include some diversification. See here for the benefits of diversification. So it is thereby easier for an investor to gain diversification will needing to invest a lot of money.
How they Work
Every index is made up of a basket of securities and/or commodities. The items that are included in the index are publically available. The ETF manager buys and sells these items so the ETF proportionally matches a multiple of the index. By multiple I mean the manager can either try to duplicate the index perfectly (1x multiple), try to duplicate the inverse of the index (-1x multiple) by using short selling (see here for definition), or use derivatives (see here for definition) to try to get a greater multiple (>2x multiple or <-2x multiple).
How They Trade
An ETF trades exactly like a stock. To buy or sell, just give the symbol to your broker.
|Rate||Assets Under Management|
|1.00%||Between $125,000 and $750,000|
|.85%||Between $750,000 and $1,250,000|
|.80%||Between $1,250,000 and $1,750,000|
|.75%||Between $1,750,000 and $2,500,000|
|.70%||Between $2,500,000 and $3,250,000|
|.65%||Between $3,250,000 and $4,250,000|
A single rate is applied to the entire account. So a person with a $750,000.01 account pays less than a person with a $750,000 account. I will waive personal tax return fees for accounts over $1 million. For accounts that are above $5,250,000, we’ll need to discuss a custom rate.
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Questions for the comments
Did my explanation make sense? Do you agree or disagree with what I said?